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商业和技术研究报告的写作
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A surprising amount of one's time as a student and professional is spent reporting the results of one's research projects for presentation to teachers, managers, and clients. Indeed, without basic research skills and the ability to present research results clearly and completely, an individual will encounter many obstacles in school and on the job. The need for some research-writing ability is felt nearly equally by college students in all fields, engineering and science as well as business and the humanities. Graduate study often makes great demands on the student's research-writing skills, and most professions continue the demand; education, advertising and marketing, economics and accounting, science and engineering, psychology, anthropology, the arts, and agriculture may all require regular reporting of research data.

作为一名学生和专业人士被要求花费令人震惊之数量的时间报告他的研究项目的结果,以便提交给老师、管理人员和顾客。确实,没有基本的研究技术和清晰而完整地提交研究结果的能力,一个人在学校和工作当中将遭遇许多障碍。对于一些研究报告写作能力的需要,大学生几乎在所有的专业领域都能感觉到,工程学和科学也像商业与人文科学一样需要。毕业研究在学生的研究报告写作技巧上经常有很高的要求,而且大多数专业继续这种要求。教育、广告和销售,经济学和财会,科学与工程学,心理学,人类学,艺术,还有农业可能都需要周期的研究资料报告。

ELEMENTS OF THE RESEARCH PAPER

The standard research report, regardless of the field or the intended reader, contains four major sections. These sections may be broken down into a variety of subsections, and they may be arranged in a variety of ways, but they regularly make up the core of the report.

研究报告的要素

标准的研究报告,不管它的领域或者指定的读者是什么,都包含四个主要的段落。这些段落可以打散成变化的分段,而且它们可以一种变化的方式来排列,但它们有规律地组成了报告的核心。

Problem Section. The first required section of a research report is the statement of the problem with which the research project is concerned. This section requires a precise statement of the underlying question which the researcher has set out to answer. In this same section there should be an explanation of the significance--social, economic, medical, psychological, educational, etc.--of the question; in other words, why the investigation was worth conducting. Thus, if we set out, for example, to answer the question' what is the effect of regular consumption of fast foods on the health of the American teenager?' we must explain that the question is thought to have significant relevance to the health of this segment of the population and might lead to some sort of regulations on such foods.
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